A bunion is a bony protuberance that appears on the external surface of the big toe when it angles toward the adjacent toe. It is an extra bone and a fluid-filled sac that grows at the base of the big toe.
Bunions are common in women and have a tendency to run in families (heredity). The major cause of bunions is prolonged wearing of ill-fitting shoes like tight, narrow, and high-heeled shoes which compress the toes and exerts excessive pressure while walking. The condition gets worsen and more painful as the bump grows bigger in size. Certain conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and gout may also cause bunions.
Your orthopaedic surgeon diagnoses a bunion based on the following:
A bunion may be treated either by non-surgical or surgical methods.
The non-surgical treatment options include:
The surgical method of removal or excision of a bunion is known as bunionectomy. The goal of bunion surgery is to relieve pain and restore the normal position and function of the big toe.
Some of the surgical complications include infection, blood clot formation, and recurrence of the bunion, damage to nerves, bleeding, and unrelieved pain.
Always try to take care of the bunion at the initial stage by wearing accommodative shoes. In very few cases, post-surgical complications may interrupt the healing of the bunion. If left untreated it may cause bursitis, gait abnormalities, arthritis and other serious health problems.
Avoid wearing poorly fitted shoes to prevent irritation and compression of the toes which may lead to the growth of a bunion.
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