Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease in which the lining of the joints become inflamed, causing pain, swelling, and stiffness. It is as an ‘autoimmune disease’ because it occurs when our immune system, which normally fights against infection, starts destroying healthy joints. Severe rheumatoid arthritis can be very painful and even deform or change a joint. It also affects a person’s ability to perform routine activities.
The exact cause for rheumatoid arthritis is unknown and there is no definitive cure. However, with better understanding of the disease helps in better management of disease by relieve the pain and other symptoms, and retarding the progression of the disease. Early diagnosis and treatment is important to minimize the damage to joints.
Several treatment modalities are available for the management of rheumatoid arthritis and they include medications, physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and surgery.
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